Custom Discovery Roof Rack
August, 2012 - Sierra Backpacking
July 22nd, 2012 - Hiking in Santa Barbara
July 15th, 2012 - Valley of Fire
May 5th, 2012 - Afton Canyon
April 28th, 2012 - Devils Playground
Convict Creek Trail
January 2012 - Mustangs
January 3rd, 2012 - Heart Lake
August 7th, 2011 - Kelso Dunes
August 5th, 2011 - Lundy Canyon Hike
August 2011, Mammoth Archery
Birds in the garden
June 4th, 2011 - San Gorgonio
May 29th, 2011 - Sequoia National Forest
April 23rd, 2011 - Living Desert
April 2nd, 2011 - Death Valley
March 8th, 2011 - Mountain Palm Springs
February 13th, 2011 - Iron Smelt
November 13th, 2010 - Mojave
October, 2010 - Mammoth
September, 2010 - Mammoth
September, 2010 - Duck Lake Trail Backpacking
Iron bloom forging
August 28th, 2010 - Mt. San Jacinto
OSM Import: US Designated Wilderness
July 25th, 2010 - Mojave Mustangs
July 17th, 2010 - Mojave Exploration
Bloomery furnace iron smelting
Open Street Map: Mojave Project
June 13th, 2010 - Mojave
June 6th, 2010 - El Cajon Trails
Wolf Mountain Sanctuary
March 28th, 2010 - Salton Sea
March 21st, 2010 - South Main Divide
March 13th, 2010 - Anza Borrego Wildflowers
March 7th, 2010 - CSULB Japanese Garden
February 2010 - Mammoth
Dakota and Asha Celebrate Christmas, 2009
November 21st, 2009 - Mojave Road
November 14th, 2009 - Anza Borrego
Exploring The East Mojave: The Afton Canyon Area
Broken flex plate
Remote Image Serving
Astro/night photography in Inyo National Forest
Wild Mustang Sightings
September 26th, 2009 - Night Photography In Frazier Park
August 15th, 2009 - Catalina dive trip
January 24th, 2009 - Mojave Exploration
July 2008 Mammoth Vacation
President Barack Obama!
April 12th, 2008 - Wildflowers and Landmarks
My Grandfather's Alfa Romeo Spider
March 8th, 2008 - Carrizo Plain
Bridge To Nowhere
October 20th, 2007 - Big Bear Camping
October 22nd, 2007 - Fire
Scottish Highlands, Aug 7th, 2006
Scottish Highlands, Aug 6th, 2006
August 5th, 2007 - Duck Lake Trail
May 26th, 2007 - Kelso Dunes
Culloden Battlefield, Aug 5th, 2006
May 20th, 2006 - Irwindale Renaissance Faire
Edinburgh, Aug 4th, 2006
The Clifs of Moher, Aug 3rd, 2006
The Burren, Aug 2nd, 2006
Bunratty Castle, Aug 1st, 2006
May 5th, 2007 - Mojave
Truck Audio/Data Network
2007 - Master Bath Remodel
The Ring of Kerry, Jul 31st, 2006
Victory in 2006!
Blarney and Killarney, Jul 30th, 2006
Dublin and Cork, Jul 29th, 2006
Dublin, Jul 27th & 28th, 2006
What Can I Do?
April 30th, 2006 - Anza Borrego
New desktop: Intel 805 D
Jan 7th and 14th, 2006 - Hiking
Whiting Ranch Hiking
Digital Photography with Linux
September 5th, 2005 - Living Desert
August 19th, 2005 - Mammoth
Hiking and Photography
July 30th, 2005 - Tucker Wildlife Sanctuary
Death, Fright and Photography
May 14th, 2005 - Red Rock
April 2nd, 2005 - Death Valley
Count Every Vote Act of 2005
Linear Logic ScanGuage
November 6, 2004 - Mojave
Super Tuesday, 2004
Canon A80 Camera
Jul 25, 2004 - Death Valley
May 4th, 2004
Landscaping - My Front Slope
Stump Pullin' Yeeee Haw!
Feb 22nd, 2004
Feb 16th, 2004
PostgreSQL Logfile Analysis
Mountains? Desert? Jan 30th, 2004
Jan 28th, 2004
Ceiling Cargo Basket
Front Bumper Version 2
Land Rover Valve Jobs
The Matrix: Revolutions
Greg Davis CDL Linkage
Mom's Turkey Gravy
Julian Pie Company
The KB1DIG 2-meter Halo Antenna
Gardening is hard!
Aug 13th, 2003
SQL and Perl
Jul 9th, 2003
Jun 17th, 2003
Some People's Comments
Dakota is a silly dog
The Matrix: Reloaded
Chris' Stage Bottle Harness
April 23rd, 2003
DVD Burning Under Linux
My Satellite Phone
My Near-Death Experience
Laser Cannon Revival
Front Bumper, Version 2
KPC 3 Plus and HTX-252
Moving, moving moving...
New new house
In Truck Dr. Pepper
My Favorite Toilet
Late Thoughts: Dr. Pepper Cooler
265/75-R16 Tires on a DII
George W. Bush
Horses Sep 14 2002
August 17th Yukon Dives
My Custom Front Bumper
Bracketless, Renamable Links
Jul 28 2002 Day Trip
Jedi Group, my T1 and money
A Bumperless Discovery!
My Custom Rear Bumper
Vanessa's 24th Birthday
Jun 30th Dive to Long Beach Canyon
PHP/PostgreSQL String Quoting
Tonsillectomy, Uvulaectomy and Turbinite Reduction
240 Watt CO2 Laser Cannon
The Tulsa Rib Company
The quality of hard disks these days
Email notification of articles
Email notification of comments
erikburrows.com source code
Renisance Faire Jun 9, 2002
Computers hate me, and it is mutual.
Star Wars Sucks!
Horses, Jun 1, 2002
Land Rover Mileage
Insomnia, Robin goes evil.
100 Watt Diode Laser Test Firing 1
2001: A Space Odyssey
TDI Deco Class
Horses, Apr 30, 2002
My Truck Batteries
The Zope Bible
100 Watt Diode Laser
The New www.erikburrows.com
Hunter the Kitty
Matts Desert Pics
|My Truck -   2002/04/29||Viewed 118 times this month, last update: 2012/12/27|
My favorite toy, my 2002 Land Rover Discovery, Series II.
All the standard Land Rover stuff, full-time 4 wheel drive,
high/low gear, great traction and the ability to idle
running the air conditioner in 114 degree weather. Very
To the standard list of features, I have added:
- A custom antenna mounting panel on the rear door for good
grounding and ease of installation.
- Rockware rear pinion guard, made for Disco1, adapted
by me to the Disco2, by welding a chunk of steel to
the rear to fill the space made by the vibration dampener
- Dual Exide Deep-Cycle Orbital batteries see My Truck Batteries
- Rearranged rear signal lights, with turn signals in place of the reverse lights, and high power reverse lights mounted under the bumper.
the brake lights.
- Custom Discovery Roof Rack
- My Custom Rear Bumper
- Front Bumper Version 2
- Mobile 1 10-30 crank case oil, Mobile 1 75-90w gear oil, and Mobile 1 drive-line grease.
- Auxiliary device three-way control switch cluster on the A pillar.
- Upgraded U-joints in the front prop shaft to allow greasing for longer lifespan.
- Greg Davis' center differential lock actuator
- Old Man Emu Heavy Duty springs and shocks
- Vector VEC053D 1200 watt power inverter
- A cargo-space shelf system, including a bed deck.
Here you can see my antenna mounting panel. I bolted a sheet
of steel to the roof-rack cross-bars, painted it, and drilled
four holes for antennas. I use super-small diameter cables
from the antennas, in through the driver, and passenger
side front doors, and to the radio. The leakage of road
noise and water is very minimal.|
From the left: The CB antenna, the dual-band 2m/440 antenna,
and the 6m antenna. You can also see the APRS tracker antenna
on the top, rear corner window.
Here's the Garmin eMap. A very nice GPS, it comes with
an 8MB flash card, which I have been too lazy to
upgrade, but that holds all of san diego county, and some
The rear pinion guard. Made specifically to allow me to
drag my rear diff over a rock.
My front radio, used for voice communcations on 6m, 2m, 440mhz, CB, FRS and GMRS.
I really like this radio, it works very well.
Here you can see the mast and beam antenna. This is from
the top of Mt. Santiago. From here, and with this antenna,
and with only 5watts of power, we could talk to barstow.
The cockpit, gotta love toys!
In the left rear cubby I setup my auxiliary power systems, and APRS tracker. The tracker, composed of the Radio Shack HTX-252 and Kantronics KPC 3+ is in the large top box. It's got a co-ax cable to an antenna on the rear door, and a cable going up to the garmin eMap on the dash.
I just made a copy of Steve (KB1DIG) Merrill's 2 meter "halo" loop antenna. This type of antenna is horizontally polarized, and so works very well for single-side-band work, like PSK31. It took me two tries to get it right, but now I have a very well performing mobile horizontal antenna!
Here you can see the 55 watt reverse lights mounted in an out-of-the-way spot under the bumper. For some reason, Land Rover decided to put the turn signals on the rear bumper, way out of the normal line of sight. I've moved those turn signals into the lamp cluster on the rear column, and moved the reverse lights down here.
For a long time, I was running my antenna cables out the front doors, between the door and weather stripping, and cables designed to be very thin, specifically for this purpose. The problem with this was that even these thin cables caused a lot of noise, and even water, to come in through the break in the door seal, and, the thinner cables didn't have nearly the performance of standard RG8 coax. Now, I run three Mini-RG8 cables out through a grommeted hole in the firewall, up through the engine compartment, and up to my antenna panel on the roof through the conduit you can see here. The conduit is made up of UV resistant plastic, secured to the A-pillar by four electrical conduit clamps. I was able to fit all three cables into the conduit, but not without some effort. I may be able to get another in there, or a power wire, but not without a substantial amount of grease.
Last night I installed my new roof-mounted lights, both Hella 500 series 55 watt lights, one pair of driving (narrow beam) and one pair of fog (wide beam) lights. The Hella 500's come in kit form with mounting brackets and a wiring harness, which makes installation easier. They are also quite inexpensive for nice lights. The idea is that now I don't need to be so worried about finding camp sites before the sun goes down. The driving lights will illuminate almost half a mile of roadway, and the fog lights will easily illuminate an entire camp site, not to mention a good length of trail. Each pair of lights has a circuit run in my conduit from the engine compartment up to the roof. It took a good amount of WD-40 to get them in there, and it's completely full now, but it worked! I'm not happy with the position the relays are in, so I'll probably be looking at installing a forward power center, much like the power center I installed in the rear, but there's no rush. The two circuits are both triggered by the dash-board switch that used to power on the factory bumper fog lights. This, combined with the high-powered reverse lights which are also triggered by the rear fog light switch make for an all-around lighting solution, and an excellent way to quickly drain even my large battery bank!
Most times I go camping, I need to remove some or all of the rear seats of my truck just to fit all my crap. I would love to stack all that gear, but since much if it is very heavy, I really couldn't. So, I ended up taking out the 2/3 part of the rear seat, and replacing it with my toolbox for almost a year. Last time I went camping, I removed the last little 1/3 seat, just to be able to fit in the cooler. Not satisfied with that situation, I built a shelf for the rear cargo space, allowing me to put two layers of heavy stuff back there, which would let me put the seats back in! The legs of the shelf are 10 inches from the sides of the truck, letting me slide three five-gallon water jugs and two five-gallon gasoline cans in there, and strap them down securely to the cargo tie-downs on the floor. The center space is large enough to accomidate a large tool box where I keep a set of tools, the jack, two air pumps, spare oil, brake fluid, radiator stop-leak, some spare hose clamps, all of my recover gear (50' recover strap, bow-shackles, a big chain, etc.) and other odds and ends. On top of the shelf, I can tie down my camping "kitchen" box, and a fully loaded cooler. In the cargo net I can put tents, sleeping bags, cots, and anything else. As long as I don't take along firewood or my big fire pot, I wouldn't have to put a single thing in the rear seats.
After 110,000 miles, the factory shock bushings finally gave out, giving me the escuse I've been waiting for to upgrade the suspension. I bought the Old Man Emu "Heavy Duty" setup from British Pacific. Variable rate springs and matching shocks, that gives me about a 2 inch lift. It took me about four hours to install the new parts, but the process was fairly simple. It feels taller of course, but not too much, and the ride is very smooth. At least as smooth as the four year old factory setup. All in all, I'm very happy.
The last several years, I've been using a no-name 300 watt power inverter to supply 120vac in the truck, for running laptops and the like. I've been wanting to upgrade that, so I can run tools and such. Last weekend I installed a Vector 1200 watt inverter. This inverter is a modified-sine-wave, slow-start inverter, which means it's OK (mostly) on wall-wart style and small switching power supplies like those used on laptops, and with the slow-start technology, can run larger motors, like those in tools. Just as a test, I plugged in my big, noisy angle-grinder: No problem, got to about 1/3 on the load readout! This inverter even has a connector for a remote-control panel, which I've ordered. That way I don't have to put a 100 amp switch in line with it to power it on and off, and the remote even has power and overload indicators on it.
As of December 5th, 2009, my beloved truck is more than 200,000 miles old! 200,000 hard-earned miles.
I just finished the latest version of my "bed" add-on to my cargo space shelf. With the rear seats folded down, I have four 1-foot wood planks that sit on rails extended from the shelf system. These planks bolt down to the rails, and rest on top of the folded seats. Once installed, it is very solid, comfortable and quiet. Headroom is a little low, but I'd trade that for the quiet and warmth compared to a tent any day. I've already slept on it twice, once with Vanessa, and was very comfortable!
I finally got around to building a roof-rack. I love it!
Click Here to view the first 14 comments to this article!
Erik (2005-01-04): Great Kahn! I just got back from Mammoth mountain and some fun snow driving. Rough idle could be a lot of things, from dirty spark plugs, clogged air or fuel filter, or the stepper motor that controls air flow at idle is known to get jammed on D-1's.
Froilan (2005-04-12): Congrats Erik! You got a cool looking toy. Thanks for sharing your experience.
KC7FBQ (2005-07-30): Erik, saw that you are a proud owner of an Inova T4, I am getting ready to purchase one and was wondering if you are still happy with it? Also, what color(s) is the charge indicator LED on the charger?
73 Jason C. Markham KC7FBQ
Erik (2005-07-30): Hi Jason, yes, I am still happy with my T4. It's sturdy, and very bright. The LED on the charger is bright blue, and is on when charging, then turns off.
Alan (2005-08-03): This is all really cool, I like to read about all of the neat stuff you have put in your truck! I have a question for you: I am considering putting the EXACT same Hella light combination on my car, a 1999 Honda Accord. Do you think the power system could handle it? (the lights will only be used while the engine is running) Thanks for any thoughts you might have on the subject.
Erik (2005-08-03): You want to put that much light onto an Accord? Weird, but cool! Yes, I'm sure your electrical system will be able to handle it, but you'll need to take power directly from the battery, as I doubt there is a spare circuit with the required ~20 amps. Each light will draw about 5 amps, so use one or two relays wired in parallel, direct to the battery, and trigger them with a switch in the cab. I use the factory fog light switch that was doing nothing since I took of the factory bumper.
anti-fred (2005-08-04): dude you are one goofy basterd alan... instead of ricing out your honda your red-necking it out
Erik (2005-08-04): No need to be negative anti-fred. For all you know Alan might have the most awesome back-woods racetrack you've ever seen!
Christopher (2006-08-23): Erik, you still taking questions?
Erik (2006-08-24): Christopher, yep, ask away.
GREG (2007-03-07): HI ERIK.
I'M A NEWBEE WITH A 2003 DISCO S. I WANT TO INSTALL A CDL.
I/VE READ ABOUT UR LINKAGE. DID YOU NEED TO CHANGE OUT THE FRONT OF THE TRANSFER BOX TO GET THE NIPPLE PART, AS THOUGHT 02-AND 03'S DIDN'T HAVE THEM INSTALLED. IT'S 5 ABOVE HERE IN NH, TO COLD TO CRAWL UNDER AND LOOK.
Erik (2007-03-09): Hi Greg,
I don't think the '03 discos have the CDL nipple, making them not convertable, since they just don't have the capability. You can always swap in a transfer case with a CDL, but that's a major pain.
John (2007-05-15): I'm having a CDL fitted to my 2002 Disco as we speak! The whole transfer box does not need to be changed, just the front section. A local gearbox workshop is doing this for R3000 South African Rand (about $430). Does anyone know whether there is going to be a problem with the ETC after this? I understand that the system has to be remapped to let it know that a CDL has been installed. Can anyone shed more light on this?
John Parker Johannesburg
Erik (2007-05-15): John, that's great! While they've got the tcase dropped, have them remove the interlock soleniod (if you have one), it took me all weekend to remove mine through the transmission tunnel when it failed, and locked me in high range.
If your computer knows it has a CDL, it gives you one extra option: If the CDL is locked when the computer comes on, it'll turn off ABS/ETC/HDC. Sometimes this can be useful, but I find it an annoyance, so I'd almost rather the computer not know, but then it'd be easy to forget it's engaged.
John (2007-05-15): Thanks Erik. I'll wire the diff lock switch to a warning light on the binnacle. I'm hoping to drive a trail this weekend so I'll let you know the outcome next week. The interlock solenoid was only fitted to USA and Japanese units.
Hoscat270 (2008-01-15): Eric, where did you find your radio? I looked for it but to no avail I didn't find it. It looks like newer models have come out. What do you recommend? I take my technician exam in April and have being doing loads of research on radios. I'm kind of in the same boat as you as far as being out in the middle of BFE and needing something for emergency and communications with some of my buddies. Thanks for your time and help.
Erik (2008-01-17): Hoscat270, I got my FT-817 at "Ham Radio Outlet", a store somewhat local to me. I got my HTX-252 from Radio Shack. The FT-817 is great, but it's a hand-held. A better fit for a truck would be the FT-100, FT-897D or FT-857D. I love my 817, but if I did it again, I'd get one of the above, and a smaller hand-held.
Raoul Duke (2008-03-10): Erik--nice Disco II! Question--how did the 265/75s work out before you installed the lift? I have a stock '03 Disco and would like to know how much rubbing I am going to get if I install those same BF Goodrich A/Ts. Thanks! RD
Erik (2008-03-10): Raoul, the 265/75-r16 tires work great. You'll need to manipulate the fender bracket, but lucky for you, I have another article that shows how to do just that: 265/75-R16 Tires on a DII
Raoul Duke (2008-03-11): Thanks! The article on the fender bracket is a huge help. I'm ordering my 265/75s this week!
See also: Aprs intelegence, My Custom Rear Bumper, Desert Trips, Mountains? Desert? Jan 30th, 2004, Mountains? Desert? Jan 30th, 2004, Late Thoughts: Dr. Pepper Cooler, Late Thoughts: Dr. Pepper Cooler, A Bumperless Discovery!, Land Rover Valve Jobs, Land Rover Valve Jobs, My Custom Front Bumper, May 4th, 2004, Canon A80 Camera, November 21st, 2009 - Mojave Road, Cracked Radiator!, 265/75-R16 Tires on a DII, Driving, Front Bumper Version 2, Blacksmithing, Discreet Winch, PSK31, PSK31, Jan 28th, 2004, Jul 25, 2004 - Death Valley, My House, My Truck Batteries, Stump Pullin' Yeeee Haw!, Stump Pullin' Yeeee Haw!, April 30th, 2006 - Anza Borrego, Carrizo Gorge, Inova T4, Greg Davis CDL Linkage, My House, My Satellite Phone, May 26th, 2007 - Kelso Dunes, Some People's Comments, APRS, My Grandfather's Alfa Romeo Spider, Astrophotography, June 6th, 2010 - El Cajon Trails, AIS, Land Rover Mileage, Land Rover Mileage, Custom Discovery Roof Rack, Hacktastic e-bike